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Plant History




Cannabis Sativa/Hemp has been around for a very long time. One of the first and probably most important crops ever cultivated. Shen Nung Chinese Emperor first wrote about the benefits of cannabis back in 2727 B.C.

We can see this is not a new substance by any means. And Cannabis Sativa/Hemp is the most consumed (illegal) substance worldwide even today.

Soon the cannabis plant spread from Asia to the West. The Romans and Ancient Greeks also used cannabis for various industrial, Medical, and basic well being. At this point all of Europe would be growing Cannabis Sativa/Hemp, Becoming the main cultivated crop. The term "Hot Box" is said to come from the Romans, Entering an underground bunker where they would burn incense made from cannabis. Elevating their senses and protection form battle and sickness.

1838 , Cannabis Sativa/Hemp would be reintroduced into western medicine by Dr. William O' Shaughnessy. An Iris physician residing in India, Studying and teaching the effects of the Cannabis Sativa/Hemp plant.

Some of the research by Dr. O' Shaughnessy would be done with (bhang), A beverage made with ground Cannabis Sativa/Hemp, milk and other spices.
This method still done today, (This method has been done for over 1,000 years in India) would create a very high level of THC in the final product. The process uses cold water and no heat maintaining the THCA cannabinoid, for a more non-psychoactive effect.

The first Colonists to America came with Cannabis Sativa/Hemp seeds. Knowing the huge benefits and versatility this plant could provide them in the new world.

The fiber of this plant so valuable and important, That the English Navy would pay farms incentive pay for the growth of Cannabis Sativa/Hemp.
And would impose harsh penalties on farmers who did not grow this precious crop. At this point Sativa/Hemp would start to become a major part of the culture here in the US. Being produced for fiber and medicine this plant would be incorporated into a large potion of the commerce of this country.








1894 The (Indian Hemp Drugs Commission) commissioned by the British government.
Publishing a report probably most noted of the time's, On cannabis use around India. The commission concluded that the occasional use of Cannabis Sativa/Hemp in moderation my be beneficial, but this use may be regarded as medicinal in character.

Of course all Cannabis Sativa/Hemp use in my option is for Well being. The terms medical and Adult use(recreational use) are really the same thing if you think about it. These terms are used for the basic premise of denying this plant to some and not others. The use of this plant should not be a luxury for the elite or a last resort. This plant should be accessible to whom ever wants the benefits regardless.
One comes home from a somewhat stressed day, decides to decompress with some Cannabis. Is this recreational? Not really I'm preventing other issues before they start, Relaxation is medicine.


1925 League of Nations ratifies the International Opium Convention.
This basically made Cannabis Sativa/Hemp and anything made with it illegal, except for medical.

By the middle of 1930, Cannabis would be illegal in all 48 U.S. states.
Still listed in the United Sates Pharmacopeia up until 1937, The Marihuana Tax Act of that same year would make Cannabis Sativa/Hemp illegal for both medical or adult use. This beneficial plant would be demonized like no other, And this would continue for over 70 years. "Reefer Madness" was born.





I find it rather interesting that this film was made in the first place, And why some much effort and resources would be involved. This was a full length movie and the trailer would be played with relentlessness in theaters across the country durning the 30's.



The 60's would also bring to light, One of the first Cannabinoid discoveries.
Dr. Rapheal Mechoulam from Israel discovers the THC Cannabinoid.
Though this would not be the very first, Back in 1940 the CDB Cannabinoid would be discovered in India. With no further research by any medical or educational institutions. This information from the 40's would sit idle until the 1960.

Dr Mechoulam see's the potential in this magical plant, And the very special compounds that it can produce. Dr. Mechoulam's team discovers the clear tasteless liquid THC. And in doing so also discovers our Endocannabinoid system.

The work by Dr. Mechoulam and his team would be part of one the biggest discoveries of the times. This would advance some of the current research in Israel and Spain. Research in these countries has shown remarkable cancer fighting and anti-inflammatory properties.
Both countries are years ahead of the US in cannabis research.







Present day the restriction of Cannabis/Hemp research in the US continues.
Very few Institutions have taking much interest in the true potential of this natural plant.

As this industry continues to grow, We hope logical and beneficial research will become available here in the US.
Zack Membrino.



Sources:

Cannabis Pharmacy/The Practical Guide to Medical Marijuana
Michael Backes

Marijuana Botany/The Propagation and Breeding of Distinctive Cannabis
Robert Connell Clarke